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Rajasthan Tourism India
Same Day Agra Tour From Delhi

Jaisalmer

Golden City
In the heart of Thar Desert, lies the honey-colored mirage of Jaisalmer. The lonely cliff of Trikuta Hills weathered dary winds and scorching desert sun for thousands of years to win a magnificent fort of yellow sandstone as its crown in 1156 A.D. It is said that Lord Krishna, the head of Yadav clan, had prophesized its emergence long before it was built. Rawal Jaisal, a Bhatti Rajput, who established his new capital at Jaisalmer, founded it after abandoning his fort at Lodurva. Once the commercial center of the ancient silk route, the city with its awesome beautiful scenery and extreme climate leaves a lasting impression on every mind.

Jaisalmer charms the tourists with its mystical legends and feel of valor and romantic zeal. It is the most fascinating blend of the old worldly charm with the electrifying quality of the contemporary. There are swirling sands and towering monuments with latticed stonework. The golden sands of the daytime take on almost fairy-tale appearance by the silvery moonlight of the night along with the melodious music and perfect rhythmic performances of the multihued desert people. There are camels that seem to come straight out of the 'Arabian Nights' and there are calm waters and tranquility of the divine temples. Don't miss out the opportunity to explore the India's only 'living fort'.

ATTRACTIONS:

Jaisalmer Fort:
Perched on the 250 feet high hilltop, Jaisalmer fort is the second oldest fort in Rajasthan (after Chittor) and provides an ecstatic overview of the desert land all around. There are three fort walls and four gates through which we pass to reach the palaces within, namely, Akhai Pole (Ganesh Pole), Suraj Pole, Bhuta Pole and Hawa Pole. There were deliberate sharp turns on the pathway to make it invincible. Sharp turns on the road topped by high defence gateways made it invincible. Meghadamber, an umbrella that symbolizes Lord Krishna perches on the highest point of the place. In the 15th century, the local Jain Panchayat built the first buttress wall. There were subsequent fortifications and additions by the Rawals later. There are five palaces in the fort - Sarvottam Vilas, Akhai Vilas, Gaj Mahal, Rang Mahal and Moti Mahal - which are interconnected. They have beautifully carved jail screens to protect the interiors from the raging desert storms and scorching heat and delicate and extremely beautiful murals painted on their arches and spandrels. The famous Jain temples located within the fort can be rightfully compared to Dilwara temples in their beauty, ornamentation and splendor.

Salem Singh ki Haveli, Patwon ki Haveli and Nathmal ki Haveli

These 'Havelis' (Rich Merchants' house) are the gems of the unique and grand architecture of Jaisalmer. Salem Singh haveli, at the eastern end of the city, is like a wild flower as if it is blossoming at the top. Situated in the heart of the city, Patwon ki Haveli was built by Guman Chand Patwa and his five sons who dealt in brocade, gold and silver embroidery that was famous from Afghanistan to China. It amazes us to see how the carving on stone reflects the beauty of the work on brocade and gold. The most magnificent mansion in Jaisalmer, it is like a out-and-out museum piece in the open. The third haveli was built by Nathmal, a later day prime minister, and his brother in 1885, as a gift to the Rawal but was allowed to retain it. Built by two brothers in 1885, this haveli has two identical looking portions, which are in fact two different parts united by a common façade. Look for the projected balconies, which seem to emerge from books of poetry. So ethereal and charming, the carving never looked better. A perfect example of jeweller's art applied to stone carving. The Muslim artisans did a breathtaking job leaving their marvelous legacy of craftsmanship excellent in detail and flawless in conception.

Gadsisar Lake:
The calm waters of this rainwater lake with its green surroundings, clusters of small temples and a quaint museum at its periphery is more known for its tich folklore tales than its beauty.

CLIMATE:
Typically a desert climate, the summers in Jaisalmer are hot and dry, while winters are windy and chilly. In summers the temperatures range between 41ºC to 25ºC while, in winters, temperatures range from 23.6ºC to 7.9ºC.

WHERE TO EAT:
Most of the good eateries are in the hotels that add to their ambience with the heart-wrenching local music and dance. The liberal use of red chilli and ginger and distinctive tangy flavor of each dish characterizes the fiery cuisine of Jaisalmer, typical to Rajasthan. The most famous of these mouth-watering delicacies are gatta curry, macchi/ maas sulas, lal/ safed maas and ker-sangri and the Rajasthani top favorite of the combination of daal, baati, and choorma.

FAIRS AND FESTIVALS:
Desert Festival is held in January or February every year on 'Purnima' or the full moon day. It is a three-day long festival and is the best showcase, one can ever want to view the rich and colorful and rich culture of the desert region of Rajasthan. The major attractions of the festivals are Gair and Fire dancers who wear vibrant and brightly colored costumes as they dance and sing and perform on the regional tunes that are mainly based on the ballads of tragedy, valor, and romance of the local heroes. Along with these folk performers are snake charmers, puppeteers, and acrobats. The ship of the desert camels, of course earn their special place in the festival and camel rides are quite popular here. Camel polo and camel dance are two unique feature events of the fair just as the turban tying competition and display of the most glorious moustaches. The thing to note here is that turbans and mustaches are considered symbols of honor in the region. There is also a Mr. Desert contest that further enhances the fun of the occasion.

The picturesque backdrop of Jaisalmer Fort and barren, silvery Sam sand dunes compliment the music and rhythm, graceful movements and brilliant hues of the performers and the traditional handicrafts that can bee seen in the fair. The full moon night completes the picture with its magic aura making it one of the most unforgettable events.

SHOPPING ATTRACTIONS:
The jeweler's craftsmanship in the stonework of Jaisalmer is well known. You may also opt for the beautifully carved wooden boxes instead that replicate the intricacies of the stone carvers in wood. Tie and dye fabrics, unique embroidery patterns, mirror-work, typical Rajasthani silver jewellery, brilliantly hued traditional rugs, hand-woven blankets and shawls with typical Rajasthani weave are also good mementos to look out for. The items made out of camel leather are also a specialty. The major shopping spots include the market within the fort, Sadar Bazaar, Gandhi Darshan, Seema gram, Rajasthani Govt. Shop and Khadi Gramodyog Emporium.


How To Reach Jaisalmer


By Air :

Jaisalmer is well connected by the flights from New Delhi, Jodhpur and Jaipur. The Jaisalmer Airport is in the cantonment area, 5 km away from the city center. It is managed by the Indian Air Force and is operational only from September to March, the prime season.

By Train :
There are daily trains to Jaisalmer from Jodhpur, which is well connected to all the major cities by the network of trains such as New Delhi, Agra, Jaipur.

By Road :
Smooth network of roads and luxury coaches link Jaisalmer to all the major cities of Rajasthan.

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