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Rajasthan Tourism India
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Jaipur

Pink City
Conceived and built by the great and mighty king, Sawai Raja Jai Singh, the name of the city 'Jaipur' has dual emphasis. 'Jai' means victory and and is also the first name of its maker. Today, the city is a major tourist attraction in India because of its magnificent forts, grandiose palaces, vivacious temples, multihued bazaars, pulsating streets and its renowned pink color to which the city owes its oft-used name 'The Pink City'. This famous pink color symbolizes 'welcome' and was adopted during the times of the ruler Ram Singh II when he received the Prince of Wales in 1876. The color was chosen after several experiments to cut down the intense glare from the reflection of the blazing rays of the sun. Today, every home within the old city is obliged by law to maintain this uniqueness of the city. Throughout the old city you can see the traditional, marvelous, pink-colored houses with latticed windows lending charm to a scene which is almost miraculous at sunset.

ATTRACTIONS:

City Palace:
Chandra Mahal, more popularly known as City Palace, is still the residence of the royal family, at least, in part, while Maharaja Sawai Man Singh II Museum that occupies the ground floors and outer courtyards offers rare manuscripts, Mughal and rajasthani miniature paintingss, mughal carpets, royal costumes and textiles, arms and weapons.

Amer Palace:
Raja Man Singh built Amer Palace in 16th century. It is a mesmerizing blend of Hindu and Mughal architecture. Jai Mandir, Sheesh Mahal, Sukh Niwas and Ganesh Pole are the main areas of interest in the palace.

Hawa Mahal:
Latticed windows and stone screens lend an additional charm to the multi-layered palace of Hawa Mahal. Raja Sawai Pratap Singh (grandson of Sawai Jai Singh and son of Sawai Madho Singh) built it in 1799.

Nahargarh Fort:
Originally known as Sudarshan Garh, Nahargarh or the Tiger fort was built in 1734 by jai Singh II. It was one of the first of the three forts built by the kings of Jaipur and from here you can see the scenic beauty of the Man Sagar Lake.

Jai Garh Fort:
Jaigarh fort was built in 1726 by Sawai Jai Singh and is very similar to Amber Fort. It features the mighty Jaivana, the largest wheeled canon in the world along with three water tanks, a museum, and stunning views of the city of Amber below.

Jal Mahal:
An 18th century pleasure palace, perched amidst Mansagar Lake, Jal Mahal is noted for its complicated design and majestic structural design. Situated across the cenotaphs, there is causeway that leads us to the Jal Mahal Palace.

Government Central Museum:
Built by Colonel Sir Swinton Jacob in 1876, Government Central museum or Albert Hall Museum is the oldest museum of the state. Located in the Ramnivas Gardens, it has Indo-Persian style of architecture. The museum has a wide range of domestic metal objects, miniature paintings from the Bundi, Kota, Kishangarh, Udaipur and Jaipur schools of painting, ceremonial robes worn by royal families and samples of wood block printing.

Sisodia Rani Ka Bagh:
Built by Sawai Jai Singh II for his Sisodia queen - the Sisodia Rani-ka-Bagh has splendid tiered multilevel gardens, fountains, pools, some gorgeous pieces of sculpture and painted pavilions.

Vidyadhar's Garden:
Built in the memory of Vidyadhar, the architect of the Pink City, it is situated 7 kms. east of Jaipur in a narrow valley surrounded by high hills. It has been renovated recently and used to be the former vineyard of the royalty. This is a terraced garden with fountains, pool and other features of a formal royal resort.

Jantar Mantar:
The amazing astronomical three-storey-high observatory was built between 1728 and 1734 based on the drafts of Maharaja Jai Singh II. Jantar-Mantar in Sanskrit means 'Magical Device'.

CLIMATE:
Jaipur has hot and humid summers and chilly winters. The maximum temperature in summer (from April to July) is around 45ºC. In winters (from October to March), days are sunny and pleasant days but during nights, temperature can be as low as around 5ºC. Foggy evenings are also part of the winters here.

WHERE TO EAT:
Jaipur has a range of multi-cuisine restaurants in its deluxe hotels that offer an assorted mixture of Indian, Asian and European cuisines and varied, yet, elegant environments. The Mirza Ismail Road (M. I. Road) has a number of eateries that serve good food in clean surroundings. If you are feel-the-real-thing types, you may try the Station Road with its many 'dhabas' or small roadside restaurants.

FAIRS AND FESTIVALS:

Elephant Festival: is held in March or April every year on the auspicious occasion of Holi, the festival of colors. As the name suggests, dozens of elephants parade at the Chaugan stadium. The best-attired elephant is given a prize. Elephant Polo and cultural songs & dances are featured events in this festival.

Gangaur Festival: takes place in March/April near Holi. It is celebrated in the honor of Goddess Gauri and is celebrated mainly by the women and girls. It is associated with marital happiness and conjugal bliss. The womenfolk enthusiastically perform several rituals associated with the event and a colorful procession of the Goddess is carried out in the city, which is a big tourist attraction.

Teej Festival: is celebrated in July/August to welcome the monsoon season, which is so much awaited in the desert capital. A huge procession is carried out in the main streets in the honor of Goddess Teej, which includes elephants, camels, horses, chariots, palanquins, band players, acrobats and folk artists. Temporary jhoolas (swings) are erected for youngsters to enjoy. Effervescence, jubilation and myriad hues, which are characteristic of the state of Rajasthan, can all be seen here.

Jaipur Festival: is a fairly recent event that takes place in the month of November where myriad of programs, competitions and felicitations are organized meant to revive old customs and traditions of princely Jaipur. It closes on, November the 18th, which is deemed as 'the birthday' of Jaipur.

Kite Festival is a three-day festival held on the eve of Makar Sankranti that falls on 14th January every year when the skies are of multi-colored skies vying with each other all-day long. The featured events are Fighter Kite Competition and Display Flying, where the participants compete with each other for the coveted prizes. On the final day, the Maharaja of Jodhpur gives a farewell dinner and distributes prizes at Umaid Bhawan Palace, the royal residence.

SHOPPING ATTRACTIONS:
Popularly known as 'The Gem City', Jaipur is famous all over the world for its gemstones master cutters, polishers and gemstone dealers and for its cut and polished emeralds. It is also a world leader in semi-precious stones and Kundan (the art of setting precious stones in gold) - Meena (the art of enameling on gold or silver) jewellery. Other famous items to shop for in Jaipur are: - Lacquered Bangles, glazed Blue Pottery with its origin in Persia, Hand Block Printed Textiles, Tie & dye Fabrics (Bandhani/Bandhej), Stone Craft Marble and sandstone articles and traditional miniature paintings. Tourists are also often found shopping for 'jootis' (traditional Rajasthani moccasins) and 'kathputlis' (puppets). Jauhari Bazaar is a place to shop for jewellery and tie-dye saris while Bapu Bazaar and Nehru Bazaar are famous for textiles, local perfumes and 'mojadis' (shoes made of camel skin). A number of emporiums can be found on Mirza Ismial Road (M.I. Road) selling a huge range of goods - from jewellery and brass work to textiles, from blue pottery to woodwork and many more. You can visit Sanganer Village for hand-made paper, block printing and blue pottery.

How To Reach Jaipur

By Air : Jaipur has daily flights to and from Delhi and Mumbai. It is also well connected with Udaipur, Jodhpur, Jaisalmer, Ahmedabad, Aurangabad and Calcutta. The airport is not more than 20 km from the city centre.

By Train : You can find a train to Jaipur from all the major cities of India.

By Road : Jaipur being the capital of Rajasthan, one can find frequent deluxe buses that include luxurious air-conditioned buses too, from Delhi, Agra, and all cities of Rajasthan to Jaipur. Sindhi Camp, the central bus terminal is situated in the heart of the city.

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